Invitation to Sotirios Limotyrakis' Ph.D. Oral Defense
guerra at par.stanford.edu
Mon Mar 1 14:28:42 PST 2004
Special University Oral Examination
POWER-EFFICIENT BROADBAND A/D CONVERSION
By SOTIRIOS LIMOTYRAKIS
2:00 pm, Wednesday, 3rd March 2004
CIS Extension Auditorium
(Refreshments at 1:45 pm)
Transceivers for modern wireless and wireline communications systems
typically include fast, low-power, low-voltage, A/D converters realized in
deep-submicron CMOS. For example, the 1000BASE-T Ethernet protocol
requires the use of converters with a bandwidth of 60MHz and a resolution
of 7 to 9 bits. Similarly, receiver architectures for wireless standards
such as the IEEE 802.11a/g also use such high-speed, medium-resolution
ADCs. In both cases, low power consumption is a key performance metric.
Previously reported stand-alone Nyquist ADCs operating at a rate of
125 MSamples/sec with a resolution of 8 bits typically dissipate more than
100mW of power.
This talk introduces a low-power A/D converter suitable for high bandwidth
communications applications. The front-end track-and-hold circuit of the
converter is followed by a 2.8-bit pipeline stage that comprises two
time-interleaved residue generation paths. Two 1.5-bit pipeline stages,
implemented using switched-capacitor circuits, follow for each of the
residue paths. After digital error correction, each path alternately
contributes the 4 most significant bits of the conversion. Each of the
two interleaved residue paths concludes with a "backend" A/D converter
that encodes the 4 least significant bits and employs a simple folding
technique to reduce the number of comparators required.
Highlights of the presentation include the design of the front-end
track-and-hold circuit and signal scaling that is used to reduce
the full scale range of the residue of the first pipeline stage. The
signal scaling facilitates the design of a high-speed, high gain
operational amplifier with very low power dissipation.
An experimental prototype has been integrated in a 0.18um CMOS technology
and operates from a 1.8-V supply. At a sampling rate of 150MSamples/sec, it
achieves a peak SNDR of 45.4dB for an input frequency of 80MHz. The power
dissipation is 71mW.
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